WVU Music 271 Podcast


April 13, 2007

Music 271: 4/11/07
II: Claude Debussy (1862-1918): Evolving approach to musical composition: tonality and form:
• Short and simple motives, developed in a harmonically ambiguous environment
• 20th century approach to harmony and melody
III: Charles Ives (1874-1954):
A: Organization of Crawford’s discussion:
• Prologue - recap about the sacrilization of art music in America
• Biography of Ives - profound impact of his father on his life (father died when Ives was 19)
• Art Songs -
• Instrumental Music -
• Most celebrated American composer of art music
• Very complicated individual (emotionally and psychologically)
• Life insurance salesman - Estate planning is accredited to him
• Compositional activities only took up about 20 years of his life
• Rest of his life spent encouraging performance of his works and supporting other younger composers
• Leonard Bernstein helped draw public attention to the composers works

B: Distinctive characteristics of Ives:
• Ongoing and continuous memorial to this father (role of memory)
C: His father’s influence:
• George Edward Ives
• Youngest band master in the Civil War
• Experimentalist in music
• 1894 - death of G.E. Ives: very traumatic for Charles Ives
• Came to idealize his father
D: Song: “The Things Our Fathers Loved”:
• Most of the melody is taken from one 19th century piece or another
E: “The Housatonic at Stockbridge”: The Three Places in New England: two treatments:

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